Posts Tagged ‘PSB’

Regulation in television – Blog 30/01/2014, Robert Gray

February 10, 2014

Regulation in television


Watershed -> Adults past 9pm

More explicit adult material tends to be shows later around 10:30. However it is still allowed after the watershed.

The parental lock that some service providers use works as a watershed.

At the start of some programs and in the guide, offers consumer advice on programs.

This is also the case for advertising.

OFCOM – The independent regulator. (state regulator)

Specification of broadcast code.

Provides mandatory broadcast rules.

This covers :

  • Protection of under 18’s  (The law)
  • Harm and offence (no obscene)
  • Crime (glorification)
  • Religion (Blasphemy)
  • Sponsorship (limit what can be shown )
  • Elections (Has to be impartial)
  • Privacy (faces blurred & schools children’s feet shown)

Remember : All TV companies need a licence to broadcast.


For wider information see pages 44-53, Required.

Educate, inform as well as entertain.

BBC – Act as a cultural (e.g. Glastonbury ) moral (crime watch) and educative force.

ITV – They also have so PSB requirements however remember a commercial channels aim is maximise revenues and profits.

Channel 4 – Was set up to cater for minorities.

Their legal duty to:

  1. Educate, inform as well as entertain.
  2. Appeal to tastes not catered for by ITV.
  3. Encourage diversity and originality.

Channel 4 is no longer like it was but still does cater for minorities e.g. “The undateables”

Arguments for PSB:

  • BBC is able to put on niche programs, due to the licence fee otherwise certain programs would disappear e.g. The opera
  • Quality rather than ratings
  • Maintain principle of enlightened democracy
  • Continue the idea of a shared experience

Arguments against PSB:

  • Out dated
  • Irrelevant
  • Elitist
  • Restricts competition which could bring increased choice and ‘quality’


This offers:

  1. Protection for harmful exposure (remember – the effects debate)
  2. Infringement of privacy
  3. Unfair treatment
  4. People can complain – the right to defend themselves.

They can :

  • Direct a broadcaster not to repeat programs and advertisements
  • Direct to publish a correction
  • It can fine, shorten or revoke.

Ofcom have a compliance officer (lawyers)

The most recent code of broadcasting is from 2009.

It also operates taking this into account:

The human rights act à We have a right to know.

The BBC is regulated by Ofcom however it is also regulated by the BBC trust.

Relevant information

Key word: Adjunctions

Majestic TV – fined for breaking code (£12,500) – the debate, is this enough?



Lesson – 24/10/2013 Media Studies Blog – Robert Gray

November 4, 2013


WBCC – Window of creative Competition (2003)

  • 25% of original programmes on BBC must be independent

Background Knowledge

The apprentice was made by Fremantle Uk Who is owned by RTL GP they are owned by Bertelsmann – Who also own many other companies including a magazine, which may do an article on the apprentice.

There are 25 different versions of The Apprentice – one way to tell it is successful.

You could say The Apprentice is the perfect PSB Programme as it is:

  • Informative
  • Entertaining

The international programmes for each country allows them to be culturally specific – therefore be more successful in the country shown – a good example of globalisation.

Key term – GLOCAL



Scott and Bailey

–          Red production (successful for 25 years)

–          Still going now

–          The programme its self is on its 3rd series which is also a measure of success

Public Service Broadcaster – 18th October 2013

November 4, 2013

Morning TV Listings

After looking at the TV Listings from 9am to 12am in class we concluded that BBC’s programmes are a lot more serious and educating compared to it’s main competitor, ITV.

BBC                                                        ITV

News                                                     This Morning
World News                                        Jeremy Kyle

BBC Caters for all audiences, whereas ITV aims at an audience to cater for the advertisers. TV channels are more likely to get a bigger audience if they broadcast more entertaining programmes which is why commercial television focuses on these programmes.

BBC’s income comes from the TV licences so they don’t have to worry about attracting an audience to sell to an advertisement company. BBC does entertain to justify the licence fee, because they know if they didn’t have a large market share people would say they wouldn’t want to pay as they don’t watch BBC.

BBC offers other services such as radio and it’s websites for the licence fee which many people use.

Channel 4 is a commercial broadcaster as well as a public service broadcaster. Channel 4 has a reasonable number of information programmes, because its a PSB which makes it difficult to generate audiences for advertisers.

Channel 4 must cater for minorities. The channel was first created to “be different” due to the other three channels (BBC 1, BBC2 and ITV) were aimed at a more upper class audience. There’s a wide range of channels now so there isn’t an issue of not enough “different” channels anymore.

Advertising is limited to seven minutes an hour.

Watershed – 9pm onwards can show more adult content than previous hours
Infotainment – Entertaining and Informing